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Stanley S. Shuman has been an active participant in the principal investment and investment advisory industry around the world for over 45 years. He has also worked extensively in the media industry, serving currently as a Director Emeritus of News Corporation. Shuman was appointed by President Clinton to the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, and served for 19 years as a member of the Financial Control Board for the City of New York.He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations; the Economic Club of New York and a member of the Executive Committee of the Committee on University Resources at Harvard. He is also a Charter Trustee of Phillips Academy, Andover. Shuman has served as Chairman of the Board of Visitors of the Institute of Public Policy Service and Public Affairs at Duke University. Shuman serves on numerous civic and nonprofit boards, including Carnegie Hall, WNET/Channel 13, the Museum of Television and Radio, The Lower Manhattan Development Corp., SESAC and is Chairman of the Center for New York City Law. He is a Board Member of the Markle Foundation.
Suzanne N. Johnson is former Vice Chairman of The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. and Chairman of the Global Markets Institute at Goldman Sachs. While at Goldman Sachs, Johnson served as a Member of the firm’s Management Committee responsible for the Global Investment Research Division; Head of the Global Healthcare Business; and founded the firm’s Latin American business. She also chaired the Pine Street/Goldman Sachs University Board and served as a Board Member on the Goldman Sachs Foundation. Prior to joining Goldman Sachs in 1985, Johnson was an attorney with Simpson, Thacher & Bartlett and worked as a law clerk on the US Court of Appeals. Johnson currently serves on the Boards of the American International Group, Inc., Intuit Inc., Pfizer Inc.; Visa Inc.; the American Red Cross, the Brookings Institution, the Carnegie Institution of Washington, Children NOW, Council for Excellence in Government, TechnoServe, the University of Southern California, and Women’s World Banking. She also serves on advisory boards at Harvard Medical School (Departments of Cell Biology and Pathology); RAND Health and the Initiative on Financial Security at the Aspen Institute. Johnson also chairs the Global Agenda Council on Systemic Financial Risk for the World Economic Forum and is a member of the Partnership for the Americas Commission. She is the former Chairman of the Global Markets Institute at Goldman Sachs. She is a Board Member of the Markle Foundation.
The release of the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services’ (CMS) incentive program for the Meaningful Use1of electronic health records(EHRs) marks a major, positive step forward in the nation’s efforts to improve health and health care by putting modern information technology (IT) tools at the fingertips of medical professionals and consumers alike. We applaud the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) for establishing an important set of priorities and drafting targets that are, in general, both ambitious and staged to enable broad participation. This was a very challenging and novel undertaking, and the result is an important contribution to the potential of information technology to improve the quality and efficiency of health care. In particular, the NPRM: states that the goal of health IT is to improve health quality and efficiency embraces patient engagement as a key aspect of Meaningful Use establishes metrics for health improvement rather than focusing merely on acquiring technology adopts a phased approach to allow for technology development and testing at initial stages largely proposes simple and easy-to-use requirements for reporting quality results makes progress aligning various HHS quality reporting initiatives and eliminating the need for duplicative reporting While the NPRM takes substantial strides in the right direction, our comments offer specific suggestions for clarifying the regulations and ironing out workable implementation details to achieve the urgent priorities of this effort: improving health and efficient use of health care resources, protecting privacy, and encouraging innovation and broad participation across many health care settings. In this set of collaborative comments, advanced by a diverse array of health leaders, we offer our comments and recommendations on the NPRM in five distinct categories: goals and quality measures eligibility and reporting patient engagement feedback and payment clarification and technical fixes ------------ Medicare and Medicaid Programs; Electronic Health Record Incentive Program; Proposed rule. 75 Federal Register 8 (January 13, 2010), pp. 1844–2011.
Joseph Heyman, MD, is the Chair of the Independent National Physician Advisory Board, OptumInsight. He is an Obstetrician-Gynecologist with a private practice in Amesbury, Massachusetts, served an 8-year term on the American Medical Association (AMA) Board of Trustees (BOT). He served as Chair of the AMA-BOT from 2008 to 2009, Secretary from 2005 to 2006, and was Chair of the Finance Committee. Involved in organized medicine since joining the Massachusetts Medical Society (MMS) in 1973, Heyman joined the AMA in 1980 and has been a member of the Massachusetts delegation to the AMA since 1987. He was a member of the AMA Council on Medical Service, serving on its Executive Committee from 1997 to 2000, and as its Chair from 2000 to 2001. During his tenure on the Council, Heyman helped develop AMA policy on health insurance reform, pharmaceutical industry spending in the United States, and hospital mergers. He serves on the Boards of the Joint Commission and Joint Commission Resources/International. Just named as Chair of Ingenix’s Physician Advisory Board, Heyman continues to be an advocate for patients and physicians. Heyman contributed to the Markle Connecting for Health Common Framework for Networked Personal Health Information.
By the end of the twentieth century, information technology and Internet policy emerged as major areas of interest for Markle’s research. Our focus on advancing national security in a connected world evolved from earlier initiatives that strove to define the ways in which the responsible use of technology can be a force for changing the world in positive ways.
Herbert Pardes, M.D., is the Executive Vice Chair of the Board of Trustees, New York-Presbyterian Hospital. He was the President and Chief Executive Officer of the hospital and its health care system, the largest not-for-profit hospital in the world. He is a noted psychiatrist and nationally recognized for his broad expertise in medical education, research, clinical care, mental health and health policy. He has held a number of leadership positions in clinical and academic medicine at the national level. Prior to his appointment at the New York-Presbyterian Hospital in 1999, Pardes served as Vice President for Health Sciences at Columbia University and Dean of the Faculty of Medicine at Columbia's College of Physicians and Surgeons. At the national level, he served as Director of the National Institute of Mental Health and as U.S. Assistant Surgeon General during the Carter and Reagan administrations. He was also president of the American Psychiatric Association. Pardes has been appointed to serve on numerous health policy commissions by Presidents George W. Bush and Bill Clinton, including the Presidential Advisory Commission on Consumer Protection and Quality in the Healthcare Industry, and the Commission on Systemic Interoperability. Pardes is the former Chairman of the Greater New York Hospital Association, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) and the New York Association of Medical Schools. Pardes is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, and earned the Sarnat International Prize in Mental Health from the Institute of Medicine. Pardes is on the editorial boards of numerous medical and psychiatric journals and has written over one hundred articles and chapters on diverse topics in mental health. He is a Board Member of the Markle Foundation.
Senator Gorton's dedication to public service began in 1959, when he was elected to the Washington State House of Representatives where he served for ten years, including the last two as Majority Leader. In 1969, Gorton was sworn in as Attorney General for the state of Washington, a post he would hold for three terms. Gorton served three terms in the United States Senate where he served as the Chairman of the Interior Appropriation Subcommittee (1995-2001), the Commerce Subcommittee on Consumer Affairs (1995-1999), and Aviation (1999-2000). He was a member of the Republican leadership as counsel to the Majority Leader (1996-2000). Gorton served on the National Commission on Federal Election Reform and was appointed to serve as a Commissioner on the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States (the “9/11 Commission”). He also served on BP Refineries Independent Safety Review Panel and is a Member of the National War Powers Commission and the Bipartisan Policy Center's National Transportation Policy Project. Senator Gorton is currently the Chairman of the Board of Microvision, Inc. and serves on the boards of Vigilos and the Discovery Institute. He is a Board Member of the Markle Foundation and also serves on the Markle Foundation Task Force on National Security in the Information Age.
John Gage is an independent advisor. He was previously the Chief Researcher and Vice President of the Science Office, for Sun Microsystems, Inc. He was responsible for Sun's relationships with world scientific and technical organizations, for international public policy and governmental relations in the areas of scientific and technical policy, and for alliances with the world's leading research institutions. From 2008-2010 he was a partner at Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers focusing on green technologies. Gage is also well known as one of the founders of NetDay, which calls upon high-tech companies to connect schools, libraries, and clinics worldwide to the Internet. Since 1995 over 500,000 volunteers have wired over 50,000 schools and libraries in the United States. Gage has served on scientific advisory panels for the US National Research Council and the National Academy of Sciences. Most recently, he served on the National Academy Committee on Scientific Communication and National Security, issuing the report "Beyond Fortress America: National Security Controls on Science and Technology in a Globalized World" in 2009. He has also been a member of the Board of Regents of the US National Library of Medicine, the Board of Trustees of Fermi National Laboratory, the External Advisory Council for the World Bank, and the Board of Trustees of the Internet Society (ISOC). In 1999, President Clinton appointed Gage to the Web-Based Education Commission, which issued its report December, 2000. The Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government named Gage as one of five distinguished journalists and scholars to be a 2000 Fall Fellow. He taught a course on technology, media, and governance during the Harvard Kennedy School fall semester of 2000. Gage was a Board Member of the Markle Foundation and a Member of the Markle Foundation Task Force on National Security in the Information Age.
Zoë Baird joined the Markle Foundation as its president in 1998, after a diverse career as a prominent lawyer and business executive. At the start of her tenure, as the internet was poised to become mainstream, she and the Markle Board of Directors redirected Markle’s mission to focus on the potential of information technology (IT) to address some of the most challenging issues in the areas of economic security, national security and health care. Under Baird’s leadership, Markle launched the Skillful Initiative, a collaboration including Microsoft, LinkedIn, and the state of Colorado, which is using the very forces that are disrupting the economy – technology and data – to create a labor market that helps everyone, regardless of educational background. Nationally, Baird and 20 governors founded the Skillful State Network, a nonpartisan collaboration to transform the labor market at a scale and pace not possible through individual state actions. Building on the work of Skillful, Markle’s Rework America Task Force brings together diverse cross-sector leaders to continue developing and testing bold, practical, nonpartisan solutions that support the competitiveness of our economy and unlock opportunity for all adults. Previously, Ms. Baird led Markle’s collaborative efforts to reform the intelligence community after 9/11 to meet current threats. Markle’s recommendations have been embodied in law to create a trusted information sharing environment for national security while protecting traditional civil liberties. She established Markle’s Connecting for Health initiative to catalyze improvements in the quality and cost-effectiveness of health care, work which framed the deployment of IT for the HiTech Act and the transformation of access to personal health information. Prior Career Early in her career, Ms. Baird clerked for U.S. District Judge Albert C. Wollenberg (1977–1978) and worked as Attorney-Advisor, at the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Legal Counsel (1979–1980), where she prepared legal opinions for the Attorney General and the head of that office on the constitutionality of government actions or on conflicts between agencies. There she came to the attention of the Counsel to the President, Lloyd Cutler, who brought her to the White House as Associate Counsel to President Jimmy Carter (1980–1981). In this role, Ms. Baird advised the President on national security matters such as U.S. exports of enriched uranium to India and the release of hostages from Iran, as well as on certain domestic policy issues. Following the White House, in 1981, she joined O’Melveny & Myers in Washington, D.C., where she worked on a diverse portfolio of Supreme Court cases and international trade matters. She left her partnership at O’Melveny in 1986 when hired by Jack Welch to join the GE legal department, where she was Counselor and Staff Executive and in that capacity handled critical legal matters and management of the department (1986–1990), as well as participating in groundbreaking recruitment of in-house counsel from private law firms. Ms. Baird served as Senior Vice President & General Counsel at Aetna Life & Casualty Company (1990–1996). She left her executive management role at GE for the task of leading a large legal department at Aetna and being part of the Chairman and CEO’s management team during a challenging time in the insurance industry. During this time, Ms. Baird was President Clinton’s initial nominee for United States Attorney General (1993). Following her tenure at Aetna Life & Casualty Company, she served as Senior Research Associate & Senior Visiting Scholar at Yale Law School (1997). Throughout her career, Ms. Baird was an active volunteer with non-profit organizations and worked on a number of congressional, senatorial and presidential campaigns. While at Aetna she founded Lawyers for Children America, which recruits and trains lawyers in private practice and corporate legal departments to represent abused and neglected children. It continues to be run by the Aetna legal department. Board and Awards Ms. Baird’s government experience also has included membership on the President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (1994–2000), the Congressional Commission on Roles and Capabilities of the U.S. Intelligence Community (1995), the Department of Defense, Defense Science Board, Summer Study on Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction (1997), the President’s Commission on White House Fellowships (1997), the International Competition Policy Advisory Committee to the Attorney General (2000), U.S. Representative to the G-8 Digital Opportunity Task Force (2000-2002), the Department of Defense Technology and Privacy Advisory Committee (2003-2004), the National Security Cyber Awareness and Response Panel (2010–2011). She served as co-chair of the Department of Commerce Digital Economy Board of Advisors (2016–2017). Ms. Baird is currently a member of the board of the Council on Foreign Relations, the board of the New York City Ballet, a Senior Trustee of the Brookings Institution, and a member of the Aspen Strategy Group. She served on the board of the Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund (1998–2003) and she also chaired the National Board of Advisors of the American Jewish Congress (1994–1998). Ms. Baird also served as Director, Institute of Judicial Administration, New York University School of Law (1992–1999); member of the New York Stock Exchange Legal Advisory Committee (1992-2005); Director, James Baker Institute for Public Policy (1997–2005); and Director, Save the Children (1997–2006). She also served as a member of the American Bar Association’s Standing Committee on National Security (2004-2006); and a member of the American Law Institute (1992–2010). Businessweek named her one of the 50 Top Women in Business (1992), she was a World Economic Forum Global Leader of Tomorrow (1993), recipient of the American Jewish Congress’ Louis D. Brandeis Award (1993), and was included in the Silicon Alley Reporter 100 (2000). Ms. Baird was the inspiration for the Wendy Wasserstein Broadway play, An American Daughter. Family and Education Born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1952, Ms. Baird grew up as a daughter of a labor union official and office administrator. Ms. Baird graduated Phi Beta Kappa from the University of California, Berkeley, with an A.B. with highest honors in Political Science, and Communications and Public Policy (1974). She went on to earn a J.D. from the Boalt Hall School of Law at the University of California Berkeley (1977).
By the end of the twentieth century, information technology and Internet policy had emerged as major areas of interest for Markle’s research. Our current focus on advancing health in a connected world evolved from earlier initiatives that strove to define the ways in which the responsible use of technology can be a force for changing the world in positive ways.
A Safer America through Information Sharing The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 provided one unmistakable lesson: those responsible for protecting us against today's threats must have the best information on those who want to do us harm. Markle's national security work has focused on how to use information and information technology to improve national security while protecting traditional civil liberties. The Markle Task Force on National Security in the Information Age formed the centerpiece of Markle's work. About the Markle Task Force The Markle Task Force has been made up of a diverse and bipartisan group of national security experts from the past six presidential administrations, senior information technology executives, and privacy and civil liberties advocates. It has been co-chaired by Markle's president, Zoë Baird Budinger, and by former Netscape Chief Executive Officer, Jim Barksdale. In its reports, the Markle Task Force has recommended ways to improve decisions affecting our national security by changing how government works, transforming business and information sharing processes. Many of the recommendations of the Markle Task Force have informed the 9/11 Commission Reportand have been incorporated in executive orders and legislation, including the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 and the Protect America Act of 2007. The work of the Markle Task Force has broadened understanding of the importance of information and collaboration, and of using information technology to prevent another terrorist attack. The Markle Task Force has also helped advance protections for privacy and civil liberties by providing new concepts and attributes for a trusted information sharing environment.
Aligning Health IT and Health Care Reform Dramatic improvements are possible with smart alignment of health information technology and health care reform. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 allows for investments in health IT. These investments represent a vital step toward our nation’s health reform objectives of improving health and reducing unsustainable cost growth, but only if we make smart decisions now that align these efforts. Markle, together with its collaborators and supporters, has produced a series of consensus statements and comments on the “meaningful use” of electronic health records. These papers represent a collective view that aligning health IT with health care reform efforts begins with setting the right goals for technology development efforts. Success will be measured in terms of lives saved, improvements in the quality of health care, and slowing down growth in costs.