Information and communications technologies are assumed to have extraordinary potential to not only help young people learn, but also engender a true love of learning. But are our assumptions borne out by the facts? What kind of evidence do we already have about the power of digital media to influence children’s health and well-being? What sort of new research do we need to better understand the role of these media in children’s lives? Arguing that very little is currently known about the role of interactive media in children’s lives, this report provides a comprehensive discussion of existing research on children and interactive media; focusing on how children use emerging communications media (video games, CD-ROMs, the Internet, etc.) outside the classroom and the impact on children’s cognitive and social development, and their health and safety.