Nowhere does the transformative power of the Internet present greater challenges or promise than in China, the world’s most populous country. With over 162 million Internet users, the second largest number after America (211 million), China is undergoing an information revolution on a scale and speed unprecedented in human history. Such fundamental changes raise a number of questions about how the Internet is reshaping Chinese society. Who is having greater access to ideas and information? And what are the broader implications for society in China? In his most recent survey, Professor Guo Liang describes the impact of Internet development in urban China and its impact on politics and society.